Adi Shankaracharya established four monasteries in all four directions of the country. Let’s know about these monasteries established by Adi Shankaracharya.
Adi Shankaracharya’s great contribution to the development of ancient Indian Sanatan tradition and propagation of Hinduism. He established four Shankaracharya monasteries in the four corners of India to spread the Indian Sanatan tradition across the country. These four monasteries are still promoting and propagating the Sanatan tradition under the leadership of four Shankaracharyas.
The credit for bringing the tradition of monasteries to Hinduism goes to Adi Shankara. Adi Shankaracharya established four monasteries in all four directions of the country. Let’s know about these monasteries established by Adi Shankaracharya.
Shringeri Sharada Peeth is located in Rameswaram in the south of India. Sringeri Math is one of the most famous monasteries in Karnataka. Apart from this, Ramachandrapur Math is also famous in Karnataka. Under this, adjectives named Saraswati, Bharati, Puri sect are applied after the names of the ascetics who take initiation, so that they are considered sannyasi of that sect. The Mahavakya of this monastery is ‘Aham Brahmasmi’, ‘Yajurveda’ has been kept under the monastery. Before this, the abbot was Acharya Sureshwar.
Govardhan Math is in Puri, Odisha. Govardhan Math is related to Lord Jagannath Temple. From Bihar to Rajahmundry and from Orissa to Arunachal Pradesh, part of this monastery. Under the Govardhan Math, saints who take initiation are followed by an adjective named ‘Aranya’ Sampradaya from which they are considered as Saints of that sect. The Mahavakya of this monastery is ‘Pragyanam Brahm’ and ‘Rigveda’ has been kept under this monastery. The first disciple of this monastery was Padmapad, the first disciple of Adi Shankaracharya.
Dwarka Math is also known as Sharda Math. This monastery is in Dwarkadham in Gujarat. Under this, adjectives named ‘Teerth’ and ‘Ashram’ are followed by the names of ascetics who take initiation so that they are considered saints of that sect. The Mahavakya of this monastery is ‘Tattvamasi’ and ‘Samaveda’ has been kept in it. The first monastery of Sharada Math was Hastmalak (Prithivadhar). Hastamalak was one of the prominent four disciples of Adi Shankaracharya.
Jyotirmath is in Badrikashram of Uttarakhand. Historically, Jyotirmath has been a center of Vedic education and knowledge for centuries, which was founded by Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century. Adi Shankaracharya had established ‘Giri’, ‘Parvat’, and ‘Sagar’ in all four directions after the names of the ascetics under Jyotirmath. These 4 Matha Sampradaya names are used as adjectives, from which they are considered as sannyasi of that sect. Its Mahavakya is ‘Ayatma Brahma’. The Atharvaveda is placed under the monastery. Before this, the abbot was a teacher.